In iced Helsinki,
I go in search of glögi,
with smoke drifting south.
Helsinki City Art Museum has pretty much got Finland covered this summer. If you’ve seem the City — and there is only one city that feels very much like a city — and if you’ve seen the forest, then you’ve seen pretty much everything — except the lakes of course. And the sea. And then there’s the islands. But apart from the lakes, sea and islands, and I suppose the smaller cities and towns, Finland is it’s forests and it’s capital city.
In The Golden Forest, Ritva Kovalainen and Sanni Seppo show views of forests in Finland and Japan. At the centre of the exhibition is an installation, The Wishing Tree by Reiko Nireki. A new sapling grows out of a tree trunk. Followers of Shinto traditionally place a branch in the stump of tree used to make a boat to express gratitude and reverance.
Hannes Heikura’s Dark Zone is a series of prints in black and white, mainly black. Anonymous figures are caught in various streets of Helsinki with the title giving the place, date and time. And while many are taken in daylight, in Heikura’s world, it’s always night. It’s hard not to suspect that some of the shots are posed — they are so perfectly composed. A hoodied figure stands by a wall, an end of Lasipalatsi in a sea of apshshalt, a lone skateboarder, Heikura says these are just the everyday streets and everyday people we pass without noticing. But once seen through his lens, they tell their stories of loneliness and beauty.
The Golden Forest and Dark Zone are at the Helsinki City Art Museum (Helsingin taidemuseo) until 4th September.
I can’t say they didn’t warn me. But this is a Winter that is breaking records like nobody’s business and to the disgust of taxi drivers, Helsinki City Council is having trouble coping. Perhaps it’s the fact that it’s always so warm in our flat but every time I go out I still feel outraged by a cold wind that bites so hard you want to have it humanely destroyed. My fault for being too mean to buy a proper winter coat I suppose — the cheap anorak I bought in Oxford Street just ain’t doing it.
It’s not the length of the nights that gets to you but the darkness of the days. Every now and again, you catch a glimpse of a low, steamy sun but mostly the best you get is little more than a dim twilight. At least the discovery that a local bar offers a very good pint of Fullers ESB provides some welcome relief.
We are pleased to report that a reply has arrived at the offices of Instant Kaamos from Reetta Meriläinen, Editor-in-Chief of Helsingin Sanomat about the Holocaust cartoons which appeared in her newspaper (see previous post and comments). For the time being, I am just posting her email with my original message in full. (By the way, the English word “lowly” means the same as “humble” or “junior” and was not used by me to insult the artist, Pertti Jarla. The closest Finnish translation might be nöyrä .)
We are considering our response to Reetta Meriläinen’s message. One thing that immediately springs to mind is that she does not mention my suggestion that Hesari should offer a right of reply to an organisation representing the Jewish or Roma communities, or one that works with Holocaust survivors and their families. And although I didn’t ask for one, there doesn’t seem to be anything that sounds like an apology. Sometimes sori seems to be the hardest word…
If you have any other ideas that you’d like to see included in Instant Kaamos’ reply, feel free to post them here as a comment. I will be getting on the case in the near future…
…well, as soon as I’ve finished tidying my room.
From: Meriläinen Reetta
To: Instant Kaamos
Sent: Tue, June 1, 2010 10:43:01 AM
Subject: VS: Holocaust ‘Humour’
Dear Ike Moss,
Thank you for your mail and request. I know that explaining this kind of cases is doomed, but I try:
Fingerpori cartoons represent slapstick humour, which very often balances between bad and very bad taste. It ridicules almost everything between earth and heaven. It makes jokes about everything including Jews, Hitler and Nazis. Yet I can say that the basics of this cartoon are human. For a publisher this kind of cartoon always is a risk. It may sometimes cause grief and fury among the readers.
After publishing the first cartoon you mentioned we discussed seriously with the artist. We never asked the artist – who is not low – to apologise. That was the artist´s own decision. We had a spirited internal discussion about freedom of word, responsibility and content control.
The second cartoon was meant to be the artist´s extended apology, so I was told. It was meant to ridicule ignorant Finns, who don´t know the tragedies of history. Now it seems that the point was misinterpreted and caused more anger and grief.
That anger and grief I totally understand. Holocaust is in its own category among genocides and atrocities of history and need special discretion.
Since the early beginning Helsingin Sanomat has been for democracy and human dignity. You can be sure that the paper will never hurt or insult victims of Nazi holocaust on purpose. On the other hand the paper has always been liberal and has strongly supported freedom of word. I write this knowing that freedom always goes or should go together with the responsibility.
Publishing practises need trust and control. In these cases we had more trust than control.
Lähettäjä: Instant Kaamos
Lähetetty: 27. toukokuuta 2010 0:50
Vastaanottaja: Meriläinen Reetta
Aihe: Holocaust ‘Humour’
Dear Reeta Meriläinen,
I am writing to you to ask for an explanation as to why you decided to print two cartoons ridiculing and insulting the victims of the Nazi Holocaust. To trivialise genocide in this way seems to give a poor example to young people who may know little about the atrocities of Nazi Germany. You will also almost certainly give comfort to neo-Nazi and other far-right groups. The apology that appeared after the first cartoon was shown to be empty when the second Holocaust-themed strip appeared last Saturday. One might also ask why it is only the lowly artist is made to apologise when the decision to publish is ultimately your responsibility.
I feel I should tell you that I have written about this on my blog which appears here: https://instantkaamos.wordpress.com
Since I criticise your conduct, I would like to offer you the right of reply. Whatever you wish to say in your defence can be posted either as a comment or if you prefer to send it by email, it will appear on a new posting. However, I am not prepared to publish a response from one of your junior members of staff.
I only hope that you yourself are prepared to offer a right of reply to Finland’s Jewish and Roma communities and to Holocaust survivors and their families around the world. I also hope that you are prepared for the consequences, especially for Finland’s image in Europe, when these cartoons are reported in the international press.
There’s an article published on the English pages of Finland’s Helsingin Sanomat newspaper (also known as Hesari) about Finnish shame. An interesting point was made about the way that Finns sometimes use drinking as an excuse for bad behaviour:
“In Finland it is possible to alter the boundaries of shame with alcohol. Someone who behaves badly while intoxicated can later write everything off by attributing it to being drunk.”
I was wondering whether Reetta Meriläinen, Editor in Chief of Helsingin Sanomat, will fall back on this excuse when she comes to explain how ‘Hesari’ took the decision to publish not just one, but two cartoons as part of the Fingerpori strip trying to make a joke about the Nazi Holocaust. I am not going to reproduce the cartoons here — I feel that however much exposure they’ve already had is enough. But for my readers outside Finland, I will try to summarise them. I apologise for the offence that this will cause anybody who happens to hold the view that there’s nothing funny about genocide.
The first cartoon (published on 4th May 2010) which had the caption “Berlin 1945” shows a German soldier looking at a packet of soap which has the label which I can best translate as “Free-range Jew”. The joke which might have evaded some readers is based on disputed reports that the corpses of the men, women and children who were gassed in extermination camps were used for making soap.
Of course whether the Nazis really did manufacture soap from the bodies of Jews, Roma and homosexuals is kind of beside the point here. Apparently the cartoon was some kind of comment on animal cruelty. But after a number of complaints to the newspaper, the cartoonist, Perti Jarla decided to delete the cartoon saying,
It was not my intention to ridicule the victims of the Nazis or of Hitler’s grotesque Germany itself, in hindsight I consider my strip unsuccessful.
One might be tempted to suggest that as an exercise in human-cruelty (i.e. cruelty to humans) the cartoon was a absolute success. It would certainly cause immense pain to Holocaust survivors and their partners and children.
But maybe, Helsingin Sanomat feels it is not their responsibility to place the feelings of 1,000 Finnish Jews and 10,000 Finnish Roma above more important things like…er…like… (someone help me out here, pliis!). However, since no one is claiming that the cartoon was published in order to make a point against Jewish or Roma or gay people, one might reasonably ask why they should be the brunt of the joke at all.
Jarla’s apology turned out to be rather like the sarcastic “sorry” said by a teenager who is forced to apologise to his little brother who he has just hit in the face. The second punch came last Saturday (22.5.10) with a three-panel strip which this time has remained on Helsingin Sanomat’s site. Personally, I find it almost as unfunny as the last but if you wish, you can make up your own mind by clicking here.
(My advice is don’t look if, understandably you are easily upset by this sort of thing.)
Here’s the English translation:
First Panel: We’ll be receiving Israeli guests soon…you can present your project.
Second Panel: I can give them a taste of this Bavarian beer concentrate.
Third Panel: (in English) — Now you get a taste of German concentration lager.
The use of lager is a pun, since lager is the German word for “camp”. Hence the Final panel shows apparently Jewish rather than Arab Israeli’s being offered a taste of ‘concentration camp’. Presumably Helsingin Sanomat decided that it was more polite to use Israeli rather than Jewish – rather like saying “excuse me” before kicking your victim in the teeth.
So why do I think that Helsingin Sanomat should have decided not to publish these cartoons? After all, Finland has a free press and artistic expression should know no bounds.
Well, for what it’s worth I don’t feel angry at Pertti Jarla, the creator of Fingerpori. After all artistic responsibility is something of a contradiction in terms. But editorial responsibility is not. The job of a newspaper editor is to ensure that her publication does not slander people, does not incite hatred and does not cause gratuitous suffering — either to those who have been starved and tortured or to those who mourn those who have died.
If anyone says that the cartoons are in bad taste or even down-right offensive I would agree with them but say that this is not the point. Sometimes writers and artists cause offence and sometimes for a good reason. Those who offended Hitler and Stalin were right to to do so. But I can see no justification for anyone ridiculing and humiliating the victims of massacre and genocide. It seems to me that if you do this, you side with the perpetrators.
Maybe I’m being a bit dense here, but looking at the cartoons, my first reaction was what a great day for Neo-Nazis everywhere. Goebbels well understood the power of cartoons. Berlin in the 1930’s was plastered with posters carrying grotesque caricatures of Jewish people as a way to encourage contempt and so as to justify the Nazi Party’s attacks on Jews. And surprise, surprise the Helsingin Sanomat cartoons have already popped-up on right-wing, anti-immigration blogs.
And this is the main point. From where I write, on a small island off the North-West coast of Europe, we have just seen off an electoral bid by the far-right British National Party. They hoped to take control of the council in Barking and Dagenham but the good people of East London sent them packing, and they lost all twelve of the council seats they held.
My friends in England can’t make any sense of my telling them that a “respectable” Finnish newspaper — enjoying a near-monopoly position as Finland’s only national Finnish-language broadsheet newspaper — has printed cartoons ridiculing holocaust victims. To explain Helsingin Sanomat’s position and its claim to be objective, I describe it as being thought of as like the Times, Telegraph and the BBC rolled into one. The sad fact is that what is acceptable in Helsingin Sanomat is acceptable in Finland. And maybe this explains the bizarre fact that there has been so little public outcry about this from decent Finnish people.
Helsingin Sanomat is not (despite what many Finnish people might say) a fascist newspaper. Nor do I think that Finland is a racist country. But there is one stereotype about the Finns which does contain a grain of truth. Finnish people don’t say much.
There’s a joke about two Finnish men in a bar. After two hours of silence one of them says, “Kippis!” (cheers!)
His friend looks him in the eye and says, “Hey. Did we come here to talk or to drink?”
Maybe now’s the time for Finns to talk a bit louder. I think it would be appropriate for people who oppose the Helsingin Sanomat line to speak up. After all being able to speak up is a real privilege, and one that we might not have tomorrow.
The letters to the editor of Helsingin Sanomat should be addressed to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Or, the Editor-in-Chief: email@example.com